你处在工作压力的“红灯区”吗?

Are You in the Job Stress “Red Zone”?

你处在工作压力的“红灯区”吗?

(CBS)  A recent survey found that nearly 30 percent of workers called in sick in the past year when they actually weren’t.

The increase in bogus sick days may be linked to burnout and stress caused by the weak economy.

(哥伦比亚广播公司)最近的一项调查发现,大约有30%的人在过去一年里会有在实际没病的时候觉得自己生病了的现象。

低迷经济造成了人们精神压力和工作压力,虚拟病症天数的增加或许与此有关。

On “The Early Show,” contributor Dr. Jennifer Hartstein, a psychologist, shared insight into what can happen if you’re stressing out over work, and what to do about it. She shared tips on handling the pressure, whether you’re looking for a job or are just concerned about keeping one.

在“早间秀”节目中,心理学家詹妮弗博士与观众分享了关于工作压力过大会造成什么情况和怎样应对的观点。是否你是正在找工作或正疲于保住一份工作,她提出了处理工作压力的技巧。

Hartstein says simple things can be the first tell-tale signs. “There’s gonna be a mood change,” she told co-anchor Harry Smith. “You might start to feel more irritable, more anxious, more depressed. You want to take note of that. You want to start to notice — are you feeling more tense in your muscles? Are you feeling, in your body, are you getting headaches, are you clenching your teeth — those are things to take notice of. How about sleep problems, when you start to really have a hard time sleeping when that’s never been a problem before — leading into a sense of apathy: You start to just not care, you don’t care about your job. You don’t care about anything. It could really end into that bigger problem of using drugs and alcohol excessively, potentially leading to a violent episode either at home with your kids or at the job.”

詹妮弗博士说虚拟病症的迹象可以从一些简单的事情中看出。她对主持人哈里.史密斯说“人们会有一些情绪上的变化,让人感觉开始变得更急躁、更焦虑、更沮丧。人们想注意这些变化,并开始关注——感觉肌肉更紧张了吗?感觉头疼了吗?感觉磨牙了吗?睡眠问题又会怎么样呢,当你开始感觉睡眠困难(而此前并未有此问题)的时候,这时就会给你造成一种冷漠的态度:你开始漠不关心你的工作,不关心任何事情。更甚者还会导致更大的问题,诸如服用药物和过量饮酒,也有在工作中或在家里对孩子使用暴力的可能性。

Hartstein likened it to a thermometer whose mercury keeps rising until you get into “the red zone” of job concern.

詹妮弗博士拿温度计来比喻这个过程,水银柱会一直上升直到工作压力方面所谓的“红灯区”。

If you feel you’;re there or getting there, Hartstein advises, “You want to start to notice (the signs early. If you notice your mood’s off, if you notice that you’re getting stressed in your body, you want to reach out for help. You want to start to talk to people. You want to check in and do things that will be relaxing to you and that you enjoy to help balance out. The more positive stuff you can do, it does balance out the negative, even though it’s really hard to put that into your schedule.

詹妮弗博士建议“如果你工作压力已经或即将处在‘红灯区’,你想开始关注一些变化(这是虚拟病症的早期信号)。如果你发现情绪变坏、身体压力感觉变大。你开始寻求帮助,开始跟别人谈论这事,去检查身体并且做些让自己感觉放松的事情,并很想使自己的精神压力得到缓解。即使在你的日常工作生活里很难去做这些具有积极意义的事情,但这些事你做的越多就越能使自己克服负面的影响。”

“It is always easier said than done. That doesn’t make it any less important. It makes it even more of a priority to make happen.”

“说起来远比做起来难。但这并影响做这些事情的重要性。这正说明我更需要做这些事情。”

What are the biggest mistakes people can make?

人们会犯的最大错误是什么?

“Some of the things they do is that they totally dwell on only focusing on their job or their lack of job, and get stuck in that little bit of focus and don’t see anything outside of that. They don’t check in with themselves or their partner or friends on how they’re doing, how they’re feeling. They don’t kind of have open communication, lastly as we just mentioned, they avoid kind of non-job activities. They feel they don’t have the time to do anything that’s enjoyable or fun.

“人们会犯的错误往往是他们完全并一直把注意力集中在工作或失业方面,对此之外的事情死而不见。他们不会自我反省,不会与搭档和朋友交流他们是怎么做的、怎么感受的。他们不会向人敞开心扉,结果就如我们刚才说的,他们会避免参与一些非工作关系的活动。他们认为没有时间做一些有趣和令人享受的事情。”

So, Hartstein says, in the final analysis, the best thing someone can do to alleviate job stress is to “find things that bring you some enjoyment and relaxation to balance out the stress. As small as it is, it is so important.”

因此,詹妮弗博士在最后的分析中说,人们缓和工作压力需要做的做好的事情是“去做一些让自己感到愉悦和放松的事情以平衡工作压力,不管这些事情有多渺小,但很重要。”

 

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